A Mallet toe occurs when the Distal Phalanx (the joint located at the tip of the toe) cannot straighten. The pain you experience is the result of excessive rubbing against the top of the shoe and which leads to the development of a corn.
A common cause of this disorder is bone and muscle imbalances. It typically occurrences: people who are active, or are on their feet for long periods of time, wear restrictive poor fitting shoes, or have arthritic joints.
Early detection can be treated nonsurgically. When conservative methods do not control the problem, surgery may be necessary. Surgical treatment usually involves the shortening of the toe and the removal of the corn which has developed.